In 2017, Congress passed legislation that made significant changes to tax law. For people in North Carolina who are creating an estate plan, the major part of that law that may be of interest is the increase in the estate and gift tax exemption to $11.2 million for individuals and $22.4 million for couples. However, this is set to expire at the end of 2025. Furthermore, while planning to save on taxes is a part of legacy planning, it should not be the first priority.
In 2018, residents of North Carolina, along with the rest of the country, will have a $5.6 million federal estate tax exemption. This is an increase from $5.49 million in 2017. Couples may choose to combine their individual exemptions, which means that they have a total exemption of $11.2 million. However, couples will need to tell the IRS that this is what they want to do.
Small business owners in North Carolina may breathe a sigh of relief upon learning that the proposed valuation rules for family businesses will be withdrawn by the Treasury Department. The rules were proposed in August 2016 and would have greatly limited discounts in value that business owners claim in order to pass their businesses on while minimizing their estate and gift taxes.
Couples in North Carolina and throughout America may see their joint federal estate tax exemption climb above $11 million in 2018. It is also likely that the gift tax exemption will increase to $15,000 for 2018, which would mark the first increase since 2013. The federal estate tax exemption is indexed to inflation, and was first set at $5 million in 2011.
With good planning, North Carolina residents may be able to deal with life insurance policies in a manner that minimizes estate tax consequences. Proper planning can help in this regard.
Portability is an estate tax provision that allows married couples to combine their estate tax exemption. That exemption is currently close to $11 million between both spouses, but many executors in North Carolina may not understand that it isn't given automatically. To take advantage of the portability provision, a surviving spouse must tell the IRS that it is being used before they pass away.
Estate planning in order to avoid or reduce estate tax can be complicated, and it may become even more complicated if one spouse is not a citizen. The U.S. has a tax treaty with more than 70 countries, but not all of these treaties deal with estate tax. One of the first steps for determining estate tax when one spouse is a foreign national is to establish whether or not a person is considered a resident. This determination can be somewhat subjective although if people appear to have a residence in North Carolina with no intention of leaving they may be considered resident for estate tax purposes.
North Carolina executors of estates with significant assets may wish to be careful who they choose to perform estate tax appraisals. The Internal Revenue Service pays close attention to asset valuations, and the agency may issue a notice of deficiency when the appraised value of an asset differs significantly from its own valuation. The estate of a deceased New York art collector recently discovered this when a tax court ruled that two 17th Century paintings had been undervalued by $1.77 million.
One of the things that President Trump campaigned on was eliminating the federal estate tax. This has made a number of people wonder if they will need to bother with creating an estate plan if the estate tax is abolished.
Music fans in North Carolina and around the country may be interested in learning about some recent developments concerning his legacy. The legendary performer's reputation had been badly damaged by child abuse allegations when he died, which prompted his estate to place a value of only $2,105 on his likeness and image rights. Jackson's music has remained extremely popular despite the controversy, and Forbes now lists the iconic entertainer as one of the highest-earning deceased celebrities.